Himachal Pradesh ( literally “Snow Laden Province”) is a state of India situated in Western Himalayas, it was carved out of former East Punjab like Haryana, Delhi and Punjab. It is bordered by Jammu and Kashmir on the north, Punjab and Chandigarh on the west, Haryana on the southwest, Uttarakhand on the southeast, and the Tibet Autonomous Region on the east. At its southernmost point, it also touches the state of Uttar Pradesh. The name was coined from the Sanskrit—Him means ‘snow’ and achal means ‘land’ or ‘abode’—by acharya Diwakar Datt Sharma, one of the state’s eminent Sanskrit scholars.
Himachal Pradesh is known for its natural environment, hill stations, and temples. Himachal Pradesh had one of the highest per-capita incomes among Indian states and union territories for the year 2014-15. Many perennial rivers flow in the state. Numerous plants produce surplus hydroelectricity that is sold to other states, such as Delhi, Punjab, and Rajasthan. Tourism and agriculture are additional important parts of the state’s economy.
The state has several valleys. About 90% of the population lives in rural areas. Practically all houses have a toilet and 100% hygiene has been achieved in the state. The villages have good connectivity with roads, public health centres, and high-speed broadband.
Shimla district has the largest urban population in the state at 25%. Notable government actions include a ban on polyethylene bags and tobacco products. A 2017 survey by an international organization ranked Himachal Pradesh India’s least corrupt state.