Geographical Position : 76 16″ and 76 43″ East longitudes and 31 35″ and 31 55″ North latitudes
Geographical Area : 1,118 sq. kms.
Elevation : 350 m – 1100 m above mean sea level
Total Panchayats : 209
Total Villages : 1617
Population : 4,54,768 (12th in HP)
Literacy : 84.53%
Child Sex Ration : 1095
Religion : Majority Hindus
Language : Pahari, Hindi
Time Zone : IST (UTC +5:30)
Telephone Code : 1972
Hamirpur district forms the middle part of the state and is located in a relatively colder region with a lower altitude as compared to the other districts of the state. It is bound by Kangra district in the north, Mandi district in the North-east, Bilaspur and Una districts in the southeast and south respectively. Hamirpur is the smallest district (area wise) in Himachal Pradesh. From administrative view point, the district has been divided into six developmental blocks viz. Hamirpur,Bhoranj, Nadaun, Bijhari, Sujanpur Tira and Tauni Devi. Hamirpur town is the headquarter of this district, which lies on Shimla Dharamshala road. Hamirpur is the most literate district in Himachal pradesh.
Hamirpur was made in 1972 by carving it out from the Kangra district.The history of Hamirpur is closely associated with the Katoch dynasty which ruled the area between the Ravi and Satluj rivers in the olden days. During the Mahabharta period, Hamirpur was part of the old Jalandhar-Trigarta empire. The people of this kingdom were referred as great warriors and fighters. This tradition of the people seems to have continued till today,evident from the large number of people from the region in Indian Defence Forces. Read more…..
Beas river flows through the northern part and Satluj river flows through the southern part of district Hamirpur.Both these rivers are famous rivers in Himachal Pradesh. The main streams of the district are Bekar Khad, Pung Khad, Sundran Khad, Kunah Khad, Hathali Khad and Maan Khad. All of them drain into the river Beas, But Sukar Khad and Mundkhar Khad drain into Seer Khad which ultimately drains into the river Satluj.
Farmers generally grow maize and paddy during Kharif season and wheat during Rabi season as the main cereal crops. There is no cash crop worth the name except the fruits and vegetables which are grown in some isolated pockets, whereever lift irrigation and tube-well irrigation facilities have become available. Read more ….
Hamirpur district falls in sub-humid sub-tropical zone. The winter prevails from November to March, spring in April and May, summer from June to September and transition season from October to November. The Minimum temperature in the winter goes to 4 C and rise to maximum 34 C in the summer. The average annual rainfall is about 1600 mm. There are two seasons of rainfall during the year one from December to March, associated with the passage of western disturbances and the other which is the main one, extending from middle of June till middle of September, caused by the South west monsoons. Some rain is also received in the post monsoon month of October. A major portion of precipitation (74%) is received during monsoon period from June to September. July and August are the Wettest months.
Politics and Leaders
This segment of Himachal Pradesh is also known as the politically hot segment in the state politics. BJP had a greater influence on this particular region. Read more…
The common dress of the people is “Kameez and Pyjama”. The women wear “Kameez”,”Salwar” and “Chadroo”. Among the younger generation, it is common to find the latest Western dresses of the cities.
Media and Publication
Hamirpur town hosts bureau offices for national newspapers like Dainik jagaran, Dainik Bhaskar, Amar Ujala, Punjab Kesri also some regional newspapers like Divya Himachal, Himachal Dastak etc. Head office and studio of popular Local channel Pole star TV is also situated in Gandhi Chowk, Hamirpur. Aakash vani (All India Radio) station Hamirpur transmits and produce various radio shows and news, it has a large coverage area upto Pathankot, Jammu.
How to Reach
Nearest Airport from Hamirpur is Gaggal airport, Dharamshala which is 3 hours drive from Hamirpur. The second nearest airport is Chandigarh airport which us roughly three and half hours drive from the city. It is well connected to the major cities like Amritsar, New Delhi, Banglore, Mumbai, Goa, Ahmedabad, Jaipur and Leh.
There is not a direct train service to Hamirpur. The nearest railway station is Kiratpur Sahib railway Staion which is located at a distance of 120 Kms Hamirpur. It is well connected to major cities like New Delhi, Chandigarh, Manali, Kullu and Shimla etc.
Bus service is available to hamirpur from Delhi, Chandigarh, Shimla, Dharamshala, Haridwar etc.
Places of interest in Hamirpur
At present the known tourist attractions are as follows :
1. Baba Balak Nath Temple, Deotsidh
It is the biggest holy shrine in Barsar tehsil of the district. It is a famous cave temple and an important centre of worship for devotees coming from all parts of India. It is situated on the Deotsidh Dhar Range in Sivalik Hills. It stretches across 44 kms from Hamirpur, 185 Kms from Chandigarh, 64 Kms from Una, 16 Kms from Barsar.
Shri Baba Balak Nath was a spiritual reformer during the times of Shakti movement and is revered for his acts of philanthropy. A holy shrine here is inaccessible to women who are barred from entering the cave. They can view the deity from a raised plateform, which is located in front if the cave temple.
2. Tira Sujanpur
It is located at 31.83 N 76.50 E. It has an average elevation of 562 meters (1,844 feet). It is well connected to all the major towns of Himachal Pradesh and of the country in all the directions through road network. The nearest railway station is Maranda (near Palampur) where narrow gauge runs up to Pathankot on one side and Jogindernagar to the other. Climate here varies from very hot summer to cold winter. Being on the bank of river beas, the winter is quite severe. The temperature vary from 38 deg C in summers to almost Zero deg C in winters. Winters experience low lying clouds which add to the cold weather and one can enjoy amidst the clouds. It was founded by Raja Abhay Chand, the king of ruling Katoch dynasty of Kangra in 1748 A.D. There is a tomb of Nawab Gulam Mohammad of Rampur. There are five old temples at Tira and Sujanpur. The temple dedicated to Gauri Shankar was built during the time of Raja Sansar Chand in 1793 A.D. in the sacred memory of his mother.
3. Gasota Mahadev Temple
The ancient Gasoteshwar Mahadev Temple built by Pandavas is situated at Gasota which is 7 Km away from the district headquarter.
4. Tauni Devi Temple
5. Bharthari Mandir
6. Sujanpur Relic – Narbdeshwar Mandir
This temple was built by Prasani Devi, the Suketi Rani of Raja Sansar Chand in 1823 A.D.
7. Murli Manohar Temple
This temple was built by Prasani Devi, the Suketi Rani of Raja Sansar Chand in 1790.
8. Mata Ashapurni Mandir