Himachal Pradesh has been endowned with a number of hot springs by nature. Most of these are located in the Satluj and Beas valleys. Generally there are three types of water springs observed in Himachal Pradesh. They are ordinary springs, mineral springs and thermal water springs. An ordinary water spring can be defined as temporary or permanent passing underground water to the surface. Mineral water spring has dissolved minerals; whereas the thermal water spring has the distinctive high temperature water. Hot water springs have become quite popular in Himachal Pradesh for their medicinal properties. All springs have one common feature i.e. there is natural fluctuation in the quantity of water which is attributed to mainly climatic conditions in the area.
Tattapani : It is 51 kms from Shimla and 29 kms from Naldera, a famous tourist resort is located in district Mandi. This is located on the right bank of the Satluj at an altitude of 656 mts. This natural Sulphur spring is invigorating and has curative power for various kinds of bodily and imaginative ailments. The water level of the spring rises up with the rise in water level of the river. The pace tattapani is also famous for the attractive costumes of the people.
Mani Karan : There are a great number of springs at this place in a distance of 1.3 km along the bank of the river Parbati from the old bridge to Brahmaganga in the Parbati valley of Kullu district. Manikaran is 45 kms from Kullu. The water gushes up with pressure and its temperature is well above boiling point. There is no Sulphur or iron in the water, but is said to be radioactive. Thousands of people take a dip in its hot waters. The water is so hot that Pulses (Dal),Rice, Chapattis, vegetables etc. can be boiled and cooked in it.
Kasol : It is 1 km further up stream Mani Karan and 32 kms from Bhuntar, where the ‘first airport of Himachal Pradesh’ is situated. The temperature of water here is much lower than that of Manikaran. Kasol hot water spring is located opposite to ‘Nikhthan village’. It is 42 kms from Kullu and situated on the bank of Parbati river.
Khirganga : It is 26 kms from Kullu and 10 kms from Pulga. It is also famous for hot water springs. The water here too is not that much hot as it is at Manikaran.
Vashisht : 3 kms from Manali, is located on the left bank of the river beas, but well above the river. The hot water springs emerge through grantic gnessies which, in this part of the Himalaya, cover a very large area. The place Vashisht is also famous for the temples of ‘Vashisht Rishi’ and ‘Lord Rama’. Vashisht hot springs have made this low-profile village famous around the world. The village lies 3 kms from Manali on the left bank of the Beas, at the foot of laterite and conglomerate rock hill covered with deodar and pines. The water ‘Kunds’ is around 111 F but the temperature but the temperature of the water at the mouth of the spring is 23 F.
Jeori : There are also hot water springs at Jeori in Kinnaur district, situated on the right bank of Unu Nallah, beyond Rampur-Bushahr on Hindustan – Tibet Road.